您现在的位置是:首页 > 专题节目 > 异域雅音 > 正文
2016年12月29日异域雅音
发布时间:2016-12-30 10:56:00   来源:   点击:

【Culture Express】
撰稿:叶璇 林颖洁
播音:叶璇 林颖洁

Hello everyone, I am Violet. I am Nefertari. Welcome to today's culture express.
        昨天是著名作家、艺术评论家苏珊·桑塔格逝世12周年纪念日。今天的culture express,让我们一起走进这位文学大家苏珊·桑塔格的世界。
Susan Sontag was an American writer, filmmaker, teacher, and political activist. She published her first major work, the essay "Notes on 'Camp'", in 1964. Her best-known works include On Photography, Against Interpretation, The Way We Live Now, Illness as Metaphor, Regarding the Pain of Others, The Volcano Lover, and In America.
Sontag was active in writing and speaking about, or travelling to, areas of conflict, including during the Vietnam War and the Siege of Sarajevo. She wrote extensively about photography, culture and media, AIDS and illness, human rights, and communism and leftist ideology. Although her essays and speeches sometimes drew controversy, she has been described as "one of the most influential critics of her generation."

        桑塔格1933年生于美国纽约,毕业于芝加哥大学。著作主要有《反对阐释》、《激进意志的风格》、《论摄影》等。
        桑塔格的写作领域广泛,在文学界以敏锐的洞察力和广博的知识著称。2000年,她的历史小说《在美国》获得了美国图书奖。
        除了创作小说,她还创作了大量的评论性作品,涉及对时代以及文化的批评,包括摄影、艺术、文学等,被誉为“美国公众的良心”。在文化界,桑塔格和西蒙?波伏娃、汉娜?阿伦特被并称为西方当代最重要的女知识分子。
Sontag's literary career began and ended with works of fiction. Sontag held a writing fellowship at Rutgers University for 1964 to 1965 before ending her relationship with academia in favor of full-time freelance writing.
At age 30, she published an experimental novel called The Benefactor (1963), following it four years later with Death Kit (1967). Despite a relatively small output, Sontag thought of herself principally as a novelist and writer of fiction. Her short story "The Way We Live Now" was published to great acclaim on November 24, 1986 in The New Yorker. Written in an experimental narrative style, it remains a significant text on the AIDS epidemic. She achieved late popular success as a best-selling novelist with The Volcano Lover (1992). At age 67, Sontag published her final novel In America (2000), which won the National Book Award in 2000. The last two novels were set in the past, which Sontag said gave her greater freedom to write in the polyphonic voice.
She wrote and directed four films and also wrote several plays, the most successful of which were Alice in Bed and Lady from the Sea.
As a human rights activist for more than two decades, Ms. Sontag served from 1987 to 1989 as president of the American Center of PEN, the international writers’ organization dedicated to freedom of expression and the advancement of literature, from which platform she led a number of campaigns on behalf of persecuted and imprisoned writers.
A few years later, during the Siege of Sarajevo, Sontag gained attention for directing a production of Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot in a candlelit theatre in the Bosnian city. In the Daily Telegraph, Kevin Myers called it "mesmerizingly precious and hideously self-indulgent." and wrote, "By my personal reckoning, the performance lasted as long as the siege itself."

        桑塔格以其卓然于文学之上独立而坚定的批判精神,产生了广泛而深远的社会影响,她评论的锋芒涉及先锋文学、戏剧、电影,集中体现了“新知识分子”、“反对阐释”与以“新感受力”重估整个文学、艺术的革命性姿态和实绩。
她的写作风格较为奇特,她以一种散文形式来写论述性质的东西,风格上不受论文的局限,还可以传达出她的女性敏感细腻的感受来。她行文很少有注释,书写完后也没有参考文献,只管放笔而谈.桑塔格酷爱格言式的表达方式,这与她推崇尼采、本雅明以及罗兰·巴特写作风格有很大关系。
Sontag died in New York City on 28 December 2004, aged 71.
After she died, Christopher Hitchens wrote an essay about her:Susan Sontag Remembering an intellectual heroine.
 'Susan Sontag passed an extraordinary amount of her life in the pursuit of private happiness through reading and through the attempt to share this delight with others. For her, the act of literary consumption was the generous parent of the act of literary production. She was so much impressed by the marvelous people she had read—beginning with Jack London and Thomas Mann in her girlhood, and eventually comprising the almost Borgesian library that was her one prized possession—that she was almost shy about offering her own prose to the reader. Look at her output and you will see that she was not at all prolific.'
That's all of today, thanks for listening.